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Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Sutras d' Patanjali
Der Yoga Sutras von Patanjali

Shauch‚t sv‚nga-jugups‚ parair asamsargah

Shauch‚t sv‚nga-jugups‚ parair asamsargah
From the practice of purification, aversion towards one's own body is developed and thus aversion extends to contact with other bodies.

De la pratique de la purification , le dťtachement en relation au propre corps est dťveloppť et ainsi le dťtachement s'ťtend aux autres corps.

Durch die Reinigung entsteht Ekel gegenŁber dem eigenen KŲrper und eine Abneigung, in physi-schen Kontakt mit anderen zu kommen.

When purity and cleanliness of the body and mind are obtained, there arises in the Yogi asense of transcendence and detachment from his or her own physical body, and a disinclination to come into physical contact with the impurities of the bodies of others.


Sattvashuddhi-saumanasyaik‚gryendriya-jay‚tmadarshana-yogyatv‚ni cha

Sattvashuddhi-saumanasyaik‚gryendriya-jay‚tmadarshana-yogyatv‚ni cha
Purification of the mind, pleasantness of feeling, one-pointedness, subjugation of the senses and ability for self-realisation are acquired.

La purification de la pensťe, les sentiments agrťables, la concentration, la subjuguation des sens et l'habilite ŗ l'auto - rťalisation sont acquises.

Durch die Reinigung entstehen auch geistige Klarheit, Heiterkeit, Zielgerichtetheit, Kontrolle der Sinne und Eignung fŁr die Verwirklichung des Selbst.

From the external and internal purity, there arises: purity of the mindstuff, happiness and cheerfulness of the mind, the power of one-pointed concentration, self-discipline by natural and automatic control of the senses, and fitness for realization of the Self.


Samtosh‚d anuttamah sukha-l‚bhah

Samtosh‚d anuttamah sukha-l‚bhah
From contentment unsurpassed happiness is gained.

A partir du contentement, la joie transcendante est gagnťe.

Aus Zufriedenheit entspringt hŲchstes GlŁck.

Contentment brings supreme happiness.


K‚yendriya-siddhir ashuddhi-kshay‚t tapasah

K‚yendriya-siddhir ashuddhi-kshay‚t tapasah
Through destruction of impurities, practice of austerities brings about perfection of the body and the organs.

Au travers de la destruction des impuretťs, la pratique des austťritťs gŤre la perfection du corps et des organes.

Die AuflŲsung von Unreinheiten durch ‹bungen der Selbstzucht fŁhrt Kršfte des KŲrpers und der Sinne herbei.

Self-discipline, austerity, destroys all impurities and gives rise to the perfection and blossoming of the body, mind, senses and sensory organs.


Sw‚dhy‚y‚d ishta-devat‚-samprayogah

Sw‚dhy‚y‚d ishta-devat‚-samprayogah
From study and repetition of the Mantras, communion with the desired deity is established.

De l'ťtude et de la rťpťtition des Mantras, la communion avec la divinitť dťsirťe est ťtablie.

Durch Studium, das zum Wissen Łber das Selbst fŁhrt, entsteht Vereinigung mit der erwŁnschten Ishta Devata.

Union with the divine happens through self-study, meaning witnessing the movements of the body and mind and through studying holy books.


Sam‚dhi-siddhir őshwara-pranidh‚n‚t

Sam‚dhi-siddhir őshwara-pranidh‚n‚t
From devotion to God, Samadhi is attained.

De la dťvotion a Dieu, Samadhi est atteint.

Durch die Hingabe an Ishwara entsteht die Fšhigkeit, Samadhi zu erreichen.

Union with cosmic conciousness is realized by surrender of the self to Godhood, the universal "I-am". Nobody can obtain cosmic conciousness, or saladhi, while retaining his or her individual or personal "I-am".


Reference to the next eight sutras:
Everybody has five bodies. They are:

  1. Annamaya-kosa - the external body of matter made by food.
  2. Pranayama-kosa _ the body of prana or electricity.
  3. Manomaya-kosa - the body of mind with its five senses, five sensory organs and five motor organs.
  4. Vijnamaya-kosa - the psychosomatic body, the body of individual conciousness, individual "I-am".
  5. Anandamaya-kosa - the body of cosmic bliss, the universal "I-am".

The physical body, the body of matter, is subject to time and space, birth and death. It is born and someday it will die.The body of matter is made with the seeds of the father and mother and is constantly being nourished by food.

The other four bodies, the bodies of prana, mind, individual conciousness, and universal conciousness are cosmic and eternal. They are the internal bodies. At the time of death, they leave the physical body and at the time of birth, theycreate another physical form, along with the seeds of the father and mother.

As long as one is not liberated, one has no fredom from the body of matter. The enlightened person does not need this material body, except to help others. These four cosmic bodies can not operate in the relative universe, without the cooperation of the body of matter.

Therefore, these four bodies are called the operative force and the body of matter is called the operative field. In order to have any operation of the four internal bodies, our physical body of matter must be in good order. Therefore, the practices of asana and pranayama are required.


Sthira-sukam ‚sanam.

Sthira-sukam ‚sanam.
Motionless and agreeable form (of staying) is Asana (Yogic posture).

Une forme agrťable et sans mouvement (d,Ítre) est l 'Asana (posture yogi).

Die KŲrperhaltung soll fest und bequem sein.

Asana means posture, as well as mudra, or mood. Asana is that which brings steadiness and happiness, and is the third step in the perfection of Yoga.


Prayatna-shaithily‚nanta-sam‚pattibhy‚m

Prayatna-shaithily‚nanta-sam‚pattibhy‚m
By relaxation of effort and meditation on the infinite, asanas are perfected.

Par la relaxation de l'effort et la mťditation sur l'infini (les asanas sont perfectionnťes).

Die Stellung wird durch Befreien von Spannung und durch Meditation auf das Unbegrenzte ge-meistert.

Daily practiced, asana, posture brings absolute relaxation, without any effort or stress, as well as meditation on the infinite, the universal "i-am", beyond the body and mind.


Tato dvandv‚nabhigh‚tah

Tato dvandv‚nabhigh‚tah
From that arises immunity from Dvandvas or opposite conditions.

De cela vient l'immunitť relative ŗ Dvandvas ou ŗ des conditions opposťes.

Durch diese Meisterung der Asanas kommen keine Angriffe der Gegensatzpaare.

When posture is mastered, there is a cessation of the disturbances caused by the pairs of opposites, the dualities such as heat and cold, love and hate, liking and disliking, -- in short, any pair of opposites, whether physical, mental, or spiritual.


Tasmin sati shv‚sa-prashv‚sayor gati-vicchedah pr‚n‚y‚mah

Tasmin sati shv‚sa-prashv‚sayor gati-vicchedah pr‚n‚y‚mah
That (Asana) having been perfected, regulation of the flow of inhalation and exhalation is Pranayama (breath control).

Cette (asana) ayant ťtť perfectionnťe, la rťgulation du flux de l'inspiration et de l'expiration est pranayama (contrŰle de la respiration).

Die nšchste Stufe ist Pranayama, die Kontrolle von Einatmung und Ausatmung.

The fourh step in Yoga practice is pranayama, the expansion of the individual prana itoo cosmic prana. Breath control is a by-product of pranayama.

Breathing has four phases: inhalation, taking air into the body; holding air in the lungs and the body; expelling air from the lungs and body; holding air outside the lings and the body. Then the cycle begins again. This happens naturally from birth to deatnh.

Breath control is accomplished by either holding the breath on inhalation, on exhalation,or stopping the breath natuarally. One begins practice of pranayama with breathing exercises and ends with cosmic expansion, cosmic energy.

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